New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy signed the Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act into law on Friday, April 12, 2019. The law goes into effect on August 1.
Today’s bill signing will make NJ the eighth state to allow terminally ill patients the dignity to make their own end-of-life decisions – including medical aid in dying.
— Governor Phil Murphy (@GovMurphy) April 12, 2019
New Jersey is the 8th jurisdiction to have a death with dignity statute; one in five Americans now live where the option is available.
On June 6, 2019, New Jersey Assemblymember Robert Auth (R) and three co-sponsors introduced a bill aiming to repeal the Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act before it goes into effect.
- Full text of A1504 (2018-2019)
- Legislative history of A1054 [type A1504 in Bill Search-Bill Number field)
- Governor Phil Murphy’s A1504 signing statement
A February 2015 poll Rutgers-Eagleton poll found that 63 percent of New Jersey residents support aid-in-dying legislation.
A group of legislators* introduced A1504,Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act in the New Jersey Assembly on January 9, 2018. The bill was referred to New Jersey Assembly Health and Senior Services Committee and later transferred to the Judiciary Committee. On March 12, 2018, the Committee heard and passed the bill 5 to 2. On January 31, 2019, the Assembly approved Am. Johnson’s amendments to the pending bill.
A companion bill, S1072, New Jersey Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act, was introduced on January 22, 2018. The bill was referred to New Jersey Senate Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens Committee, which on February 7, 2019 passed it 6 to 3.
A floor vote on S1072/A1504, Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act, in both chambers took place on March 25, 2019. The Assembly passed the bill 41 to 33; the Senate 21 to 16. Shortly thereafter, Governor Phil Murphy stated he would sign the bill, which he did on April 12, 2019.
Allowing terminally ill and dying residents the dignity to make end-of-life decisions according to their own consciences is the right thing to do. I look forward to signing this legislation into law.
- A1504: Assemblymembers John Burzichelli (D-Gloucester), Joe Danielsen (D-Somerset), and Tim Eustace (D-Bergen) and as primary sponsors, with Assemblymembers Annette Chaparro (D-33), Jamel Holley (D-20), Mila Jasey (D-27), Angelica Jimenez (D-32), Gordon Johnson (D-37), John McKeon (D-27), and Gabriela Mosquera (D-4) as co-sponsors
- S1072: Senators Nicholas Scutari (D-Union) and Richard Codey (D-27)
New Jersey Assemblyman John Burzichelli (D-Gloucester), with Tim Eustace (D-Bergen) and Joe Danielsen (D-Somerset) as primary sponsors and 8 additional co-sponsors, introduced A2451, Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act on February 4, 2016, After referral to the Health and Senior Services Committee, the Assembly bill was transferred to the Appropriations Committee which passed it 8 to 2 on October 6, 2016.
On October 20, 2016, the full Assembly passed the bill on a 41 to 28 vote, with 5 abstentions. The vote was nearly identical to and came almost exactly two years after an up vote on a previous bill (see below).
A2451 then headed to the Senate where it was heard and passed 5 to 3, with 1 abstention, in the Health, Human Services, and Senior Citizens Committee on November 3, 2016.
The companion physician-assisted dying bill in the New Jersey Senate was S2474, sponsored by Senators Nicholas Scutari (D-Union) and Senate President Stephen Sweeney (D-West Deptford). The Senate version was reported favorably (passed) by the Senate Health, Human Services, and Senior Citizens Committee on November 3, 2016. The bill did not come up for a floor vote.
On November 13, 2014, the New Jersey Assembly approved A2270, the Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act, 41 to 31, with 8 abstentions; Governor Chris Christie indicated he would veto any death with dignity bills.
In January 2015, a companion bill S382 was introduced in the Senate Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens Committee with amendments. The bill did not come up for a vote in the Senate by the January 12, 2016, deadline.
The 2014-2015 session was the second time a death with dignity bill was considered in the New Jersey legislature. Companion bills A3328 and S2259 were introduced in the 2012-2013 session; both died in Committee. The first time a bill was introduced was in 2012.
The death with dignity movement got its most significant spur in recent history in New Jersey. In 1976, the Supreme Court of New Jersey ruled that the parents of comatose Karen Ann Quinlan could remove her life support.