Assisted dying statutes in California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont, Washington allow mentally competent, terminally-ill adult state residents to voluntarily request and receive a prescription medication so they can die in a peaceful, humane manner in a place and time of their choosing. Death with dignity is one of many end-of-life care options available.
Oregon voters approved their law in 1994 and confirmed their support in 1997, when the Oregon Death with Dignity Act went into effect. Washington state voters passed their law in 2008; it has been implemented in 2009 after no credible legal challenges. Colorado voters approved a similar law in 2016. In 2013, Vermont lawmakers enacted their assisted death law—the first passed through legislature. California followed in 2015, the District of Columbia in 2016, Hawaii in 2018, and New Jersey and Maine in 2019.